History of Indian Legal System - Part 2 (British Era)

Published On: 4/5/2023
Author: Admin
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This blog will help you for preparation of law entrance exam in India. Questions on this topic are asked in entrance Exams like Maharashtra LAW CET (MHLAW CET), CLAT, AILET, AP Law CET, TS LAW CET etc and during course semester exams also.

This blog contains question and answers on History of Indian legal system during British Era.

When was Supreme  Court at Calcutta established during British era?

Supreme  Court at Calcutta was established under the Regulating Act of 1773 AD under Warren Hastings’ administration (1772-1785 AD)

When Circuit Court and Mal Adalats were established?

The Circuit Court and Mal Adalats were established during the reign of Cornwallis (1786-1793 AD) and The District Faujdari Court was abolished.

Who during British Era established civil courts for both Hindu and Muslims?

Cornwallis established established civil courts for both Hindus and Muslims, such as the Munsiff Court, the Registrar Court, the District Court, the Sadar Diwani Adalat, and the King-in-Council.

When powers were dispersed between center and state?

Government of India Act, 1935 defined characteristics of the (British) Indian Government from "Unitary" to "federal", and powers were dispersed between center and state to avoid disputes.

Who passed Government of India Act, 1935?

The Parliament of the United Kingdom

Explain Federal Court!

In 1937, Federal Court was established and had the jurisdiction of appellate, original and advisory. The powers of Appellate Jurisdiction extended to civil and criminal cases whereas the Advisory Jurisdiction was extended with the powers to Federal Court to advise Governor-General in matters of public opinion. The Federal Court was supplanted by India’s current Apex Court, the Supreme Court of India.

For How many years Federal Court operated?

Federal Court operated for 12 Years established in 1937.

Who was first Governor-General of India?

Lord William Bentinck was first Governor-General of India from 1834 to 1835.

Who abolished sati pratha?

Lord William Bentinck pased Bengal Sati Regulation, 1829

Explain English Education Act 1835 !

English replaced Persian as the language of the higher courts after passing English Education Act 1835 and English become Medium of Instruction.

Who apposed banning Sati Pratha?

Ram Mohan Roy

How monopoly of the East India Company was abolished?

The Saint Helena Act 1833, also Known as the Charter Act of 1833, was passed during Lord William Bentinck's tenure and, accordingly, the monopoly of the East India Company was abolished.

Who was last Governor-General of India?

Louis Mountbatten

Who was first first governor-general of the Dominion of India.

Louis Mountbatten until June 1948

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